I recently gave a talk on Alfred Hitchcock’s 1941 movie, Suspicion. Cary Grant and Oscar-winning Joan Fontaine are the stars in this Hitchcock thriller.
The plot is typical of Hitchcock, a brain twister sewing together a series of circumstantial events that lead Fontaine (as Lina) to suspect Grant (as her husband, Johnny) of trying to murder her.
As the publicity poster puts it, each time they kissed there was the thrill of love, the threat of murder!
The film begins with their chance meeting on a train. Lina is reading a book on child psychology when Johnny asks if he could borrow money to pay for his train ticket.
Returning home after an embarrassing first date, Lina overhears her parents talking about her:
FATHER: Lina will never marry, she’s not the marrying sort…
MOTHER: I suppose you’re right, dear. I’m afraid she is rather spinsterish.
FATHER: Well what’s wrong with that? The old maid is a respectable institution. All women are not alike…
Suddenly confronted by her father’s wishes for her – to remain unmarried – Lina becomes distracted and anxious.
In a desperate attempt to end what clearly has become an unbearable scene, Lina turns to Johnny and kisses him for the first time.
But what kind of kiss does she give him?
Her kiss was sudden, Johnny was not expecting it nor given the chance to respond since Lina leaves as soon as she kisses him.
One way we can make sense of Lina’s kiss is as an example not of ‘acting out’ but of a ‘passage to the act’.
an unbearable combination of embarrassment and anxiety
A ‘passage to the act’ is a last resort against an unbearable combination of embarrassment and anxiety.
Within the therapy literature there are two much-discussed examples of a ‘passage to the act’: young Dora’s slap on the face of the man who told her that his wife meant nothing to him; and the jump over a bridge by another young woman following her father’s disapproving look.
Here, Lina’s kiss constitutes her as ‘the marrying sort,’ instantly distancing or separating herself from her father’s wishes.
This is what makes a ‘passage to the act’ radical – it catapults Lina beyond the boundaries that up to this point had determined her social and mental existence.
This is also what makes a ‘passage to the act’ desperate since it can never be known fully in advance what you are committing yourself to, what you have suddenly become.
(The young woman who jumped over a bridge paid for this undoubtedly serious attempt at suicide with a considerable time on her back in bed, though fortunately little permanent damage was done.)
The next few scenes show Lina in a variety of situations ‘working through’ what it means for her to have become the ‘marrying sort.’
This part of the film culminates with Johnny proposing to Lina in front of a portrait of her father. With a tragicomic touch, Hitchcock has the portrait fall from the wall.
Lina responds, it doesn’t matter, it doesn’t matter.
Notes to blog
My talk, Beyond Doubt: Alfred Hitchcock’s Lina, was given on 12 April 2019 here.
The two much-discussed examples in the therapy literature are case histories by Freud: Dora (1905) and The Psychogenesis of a Case of Homosexuality in a Woman (1920).
Judith Butler might describe Lina’s new identity as performatively constituted by the very ‘expression’ – a kiss – that is said to be its result. See her Gender Trouble.